Big Lake ConstanceBig Lake Constance 536 km ² is the third largest lake in Central Europe after Balaton Lake and Lake Geneva and the very old times was the center of a dynamic cultural region that receives significant cultural impulses from the city Bregenz.
During the last ice age (before 115,000 to 10,000 years) from the Rhine valley near the glacier rises and forms a valley in the Alps land. In this hollow today stretches a long 63 km, 14 km broad deep in places to 254 m Lake Constance, which belongs to Switzerland (27% of the coastal part), Germany (62%) and Austria (11%). The hottest summer days the water temperature reaches 26 ° C, during the last 1000 years the lake is completely frozen over 30 times, so last somewhere in 1963 was able to crawl the length and breadth of the foot.
Indeed, Constance is composed of two lakes - Lake Superior (with 473 km ² in - the majority) and lower lake, which are connected with the city of Constance through four kilometers long, "Lakeland Rhine." Rhine - the most important of all more than 200 tide - is runs off hard in Austria in Lake Superior, crossing Lake Constance and leaves it in the Swiss town of Stein. In the delta of the Rhine was formed around 2000 hectares large natural protected area with shallow water, wet meadows and forests of lush lawns, where about 330 species of birds have found a place for breeding and resting.
Explore the lake with the "White Fleet"
Ever since the earliest times of about 3000 BC the lake is inhabited by people. The Celts lived around 400 BC an area which at the time "Brigantium" old Romans are on the rise, this is today the capital of Vorarlberg - Bregenz. Bregenz festival games, which centers are performances throughout the summer on the largest lake in the world arena with seating for 7000 viewers have become internationally renowned city cultural center.